The Kamchatka peninsula is one of the most spectacular and exotic places in Russia, located in the Far East the region occupies the area of around 470,000 sq.m. The main city of the region is Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, a port significant in its industrial and scientific role in the Russian history. After World War II Kamchatka was declared a military zone that remained closed to foreigners until 1990.
Kamchatka is famous for its beautiful volcanoes with their craters (among more than 160 volcanoes there are around 26 that are still active), mountain rivers, the valley of geysers, mineral springs and unique landscapes of tundra and rocky coastlines. The majority of the active volcanoes of the Kamchatka peninsula are listed as the UNESCO World Heritage sites. The highest volcano is Klyuchevskaya Sopka (4,750 m).
The region is abundant in its flora and fauna, the peninsula is inhabited by rare animal species, such as brown bears, arctic foxes, lemmings, golden eagles, and is presented by a wide variety of plants.The climate in Kamchatka is as diverse as its wildlife. While the coastal climate is moderate maritime, the central valley climate is continental and the nortern parts of the peninsula are located in the arctic zone.
Holidays in Kamchatka offer rafting in mountain rivers, fishing, trekking, climbing the volcanoes and boat trips in the basin of the Pacific Ocean that provide the travellers with a chance to observe whales.